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The species of April 2015

To eidos tou Apriliou2015. Luscinia megarhynchos


Name: nightingale
Scientific Name: Luscinia megarhynchos
Kingdom: Animalia

Taxonomy: birds (Aves)
Class: Passeniformes
Family: Muscicapidae



The nightingale is a small bird with a length of 15-16.5 cm. Its wingspan reaches 25 cm. The upper surface of the body is bright brown, the lower surface is whitish and the tail is reddish-brown. Its colors are such that it can be easily camouflaged and protected from its enemies.

It lives mainly in bushes and in dense and moist forests, hidden in branches and foliage.

It feeds on insects and insect larvae, worms, small spiders and grapes.

It is a migratory species. It is a summer visitor to our island, from late March to early September, as in other European countries with a temperate climate, from where it migrates to North Africa and Asia.

The mating season is around the end of April to mid-July and especially at night. Male singing is possible with a series of whistles, trills and murmurs. Non-mating males sing more often at night to attract females. After mating, they change the type of song they are using to reduce the whistles they used to attract females and stop singing at night until the female lays her eggs. The female lays 4-5 eggs in May with brown oil shell, which she incubates for two weeks.

[1] Πουλιά της Κύπρου, του Λουκά Χριστοφόρου, AFIAP, 1998
[2] http://www.katakali.net/drupal/?q=odika/aidoni
[3] www.platres.org
[4] http://www.exoticbirds.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=97
[5] http://aksioperierga.blogspot.com/2013/01/blog-post_12.html
[6] http://www.birdlifecyprus.org/

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