Scientific name: Turdus merula – Linnaeus
The male is black with the exception of the eye ring and the beak which are yellow. The female has a dark brown color on the upper part (wings, back, head, tail) and light brown on the lower part with dark spots on the chest. The beak is dark with a very light yellow color. They also have different vocals, while the young birds look like females.
It is common in forests, shrubs, gardens and residential areas.
It feeds on insects, worms, snails and fruit trees and shrubs (eg berries).
For Cyprus it is a common winter visitor. They arrive in October and leave in February to March. Some couples stay in Cyprus to spend the winter and reproduce. Nests have been identified in Troodos.
It is found throughout Europe, the Middle and Far East as far as India and China, and is also found in North Africa and Australia but is absent from the Americas.
In its nest, which is made of grass and leaves mixed with mud and placed on trees or shrubs, it lays 3-5 eggs with dark brown spots and which only the female threads for 13-14 days. The chicks leave the nest in about 15 days. They give birth once or twice a year from April to June.
 Βιβλίο «Τα πουλιά που φωλιάζουν στην Κύπρο» -Συγκρότημα Τράπεζας Κύπρου
 Πτηνολογικός Σύνδεσμος Κύπρου – Λευκωσία 1997
 Βιβλίο «Τα πουλιά της Κύπρου» – Λουκά Χριστοφόρου